What is a Fixed-Rate Loan?

Fixed interest rates offer certainty throughout the term of your loan

A fixed-rate loan is one with an amount of interest that isn’t subject to change throughout the loan term. Since the rate stays constant throughout the loan and the loan’s monthly payment will not change, which results in a meager risk loan.

While comparing the loan options, be aware of whether or not the loans have fixed rates. Find out how these loans operate to help you choose the best loan option to meet your needs.

What is a Fixed Interest Rate?

The term “fixed interest rate” refers to fixed for the duration of a loan. For instance, a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage has a similar interest throughout the 30 years. The interest rate determines the calculation of your monthly loan payments, and locking into the rate will result in the same principal and interest payments each month.

In general, loans are available in two varieties that are both fixed as well as variable. The variable rate loans are characterized by an interest rate that fluctuates over time, even though the rate is set for some time at the beginning of the loan. They are around a global rate known as LIBOR and the spread.

When the conditions in the global market change, LIBOR can increase or decrease, and accompany it the variable rates. If rates rise, the monthly amount you pay for the loan with variable rates could increase, often significantly.

How does a Fixed-Rate loan How Does a Fixed-Rate Loan Work?

When you take out a fixed-rate loan, the lender decides on the interest rate they issue the loan. This rate is determined by factors such as your credit background, your finances, and the specifics of the loan. If your rate is set, it stays the same for the loan term, regardless of the rates of interest in the larger economy fluctuate.

The monthly amount you are required to pay is contingent on the interest rate you pay. A higher rate will result in the payment being higher regardless of other aspects being equal. For instance, if you take the four-year loan of $20,000, the monthly installment is $507.25 at an interest rate of 10. However, if you take a 15% rate, your monthly payment increases to $556.61 each month.

Fixed-rate loan payments can reduce the amount of your loan and help keep your interest costs in check with the option of fixed payment for an exact amount of time. If you have a 30-year mortgage or a 4-year auto loan, Fixed-rate loans will make your loan balance zero at the expiration of the loan.

Pros and Cons 

Fixed-rate loans are usually safer than variable rate loans, but they come with a cost for the stability they offer. The most important thing is to choose which option you’re comfortable with and how you feel that interest rates could be like soon.


  • Monthly payments that are predictable throughout the term of the credit
  • Be aware of the exact amount of interest you’ll have to pay
  • There is no risk of “payment shock” later on from the increase in interest rates.


  • Usually, they have a higher initial rate than variable-rate loans.
  • If rates decrease, then you have to refinance or accept a higher rate
  • It is not an excellent match for short-term needs

If you’re having difficulty deciding the right option, consider amalgamating variable and fixed-rate loans. For instance, a five-year variable-rate loan (ARM) is an affordable fixed interest rate over the initial five years.

However, the rate may be altered in the following years. If you don’t intend to hold your loan for long, it might be beneficial to select a rate fixed for a short period. Be prepared for change. You may have to keep the loan longer than you anticipated.

The types of Fixed-Rate Loans

Many loans come with fixed interest rates. This includes:

The most important takeaways

  • Fixed-rate loans have one that has an interest cost that doesn’t change with time.
  • Since it is a fixed rate, you can rest assured that your payments will not be affected.
  • can reduce the chance of shocks to payments caused by increasing rates.
  • Loans generally offer an interest rate little higher than variable-rate loans’ initial rates.
  • These loans may be less appealing than variable-rate loans if interest rates decline.